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Single Servo Walking Robot


A while ago I was fortunate enough to be invited for an informal interview over coffee with the research department of one of the major auto makers. The job had to do with autonomous vehicle testing. Autonomous navigation is one of my passions, and I wanted to do everything I could to prove that I was qualified for the job. I imagined sitting in the interview, then whipping out an awesome little servo walker and having it waddle around the table. The following is a description of the walker I tried to build.

Concept Design

Hand drawn concepts
You can take a look at the "Relevant Links" on the right hand side of the page and you will see that this project has been completed successfully multiple times with a few different designs. The "Coat Hanger Walker" is probably the best functioning one-servo design I have ever come across. Of course, I am stubborn and wanted to try and build a one servo walker with supplies that could be found in any typical home.

I wanted to try and make the walker out of bottle caps, coat hangers, and not much else.

Blender 3d rengering of concept walker
I milled over multiple designs in my head and also pondered how a human is able to scoot along on the ground while sitting on their haunches without using their hands at all. (If that sounds confusing, just take a look at the hand drawn concept and you will see a picture of a person doing what I just described). After thinking about the joint in the 3D rendering, I concluded that there was no easy way to continue with that design.

Construction

One of the shoulders
Basic Parts for the biped
I got all of the pieces around in about an hour and a half. It would have taken much less time, but I had not figured out how to mount the rear supports or the legs properly. It also took me a little bit to accurately bend and measure the legs. Actual assembly probably takes five minutes or less. The biggest problem I had with this project was not the actual hardware, but it was programming the microcontroller I was using to continually oscillate the servo. I had never programmed a micro controller from scratch before and getting the pulse width modulation to work correctly took so long that I missed the deadline for the interview and was forced to only show pictures of the walker. I also had to build my own fuse bit and hardware programmer for the micro controller. In any case, I can now program the daylights out of a microcontroller...but too little too late.

Conclusion

The walker finished being driven by the car servo controller
Using the design that I came up with, it really depends on how you balance the walker. If you distribute the weight evenly on all four of the contact points, then the robot will just dance around in one spot. However, if you make it shift more weight continuously on one site, you can normally get a little bit of forward motion out of it. I never tested the design while carrying the load of the circuit board and battery. The bottom line is that this design needs more work.